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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to investigate how parenting and coaching styles relate to student athlete motivation and success. An online and hard-copy instrument was completed by a target sample of 161 UNC athletes. The 40-item questionnaire consisted of items measuring athlete motivations and indicators of parenting and coaching styles. Analysis included the use of descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation test, and an independent samples t-test. Results revealed few differences across groups in motivation to compete excepting love for the sport and to fulfill parent’s wishes. Results revealed that males were more motivated by their parents than females. The correlation matrix revealed that coaches have a stronger influence on an athlete’s success than an athlete’s parents and that providing structure from coaches is most related to success. Overall, the study revealed that coaching was most associated with an athlete’s success and that coaching style impacts an athlete’s motivation to compete.

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